Principles of Restitution

The HCPO follows certain guiding principles for claims processes aimed at fast, open and transparent restitution of art established as the following:

Principles Effective Date

Inter-Allied Declaration Against Acts of Dispossession Committed in Territories Under Enemy Occupation or Control (PDF)

January 5, 1943

Military Government – Germany, United State Area of Control: Law No. 59, Restitution of Identifiable Property (PDF)

November 10, 1947

Military Government – French Zone of Occupation: Ordonnance No. 120 , Pour toute reclamation joindre la dernière bande reçure (PDF)

November 10, 1947

Military Government – British Zone of Control: Law No. 59, Restitution of Identifiable Property to Victims of Nazi Oppression (PDF)

May 12, 1949

UNESCO Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict with Regulations for the Execution of the Convention

May 14, 1954

UNESCO Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage

November 16, 1972

UNIDROIT Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects (PDF)

June 24, 1995

Washington Conference Principles on Nazi-Confiscated Art

December 3, 1998

ICOM Recommendations Concerning the Return of Works of Art Belonging to Jewish Owners

January 14, 1999

Vilnius Forum Declaration (PDF)

October 5, 2000

Prague Holocaust Era Assets Conference 2009 Terezin Declaration

June 30, 2009

UNESCO Declaration of Principles Relating to Cultural Objects Displaced in Connection with the Second World War [Draft]

July 31, 2009