Consumer FAQs About No-Fault Insurance
What is No-Fault coverage and what am I entitled to under it?
Answer: See our Consumer Guide to Automobile Insurance.
When and where should I file my No-Fault claim?
Answer: Regulation 68 requires that "in the event of an accident, written notice setting forth details sufficient to identify the eligible injured person, along with reasonably obtainable information regarding the time, place and circumstances of the accident, shall be given by, or on behalf of, each eligible injured person, to the applicable No-Fault insurer, or any of their authorized agents, as soon as reasonably practicable, but in no event more than 30 days after the date of the accident, unless the eligible injured person submits written proof providing clear and reasonable justification for the failure to comply with such time limitation."
You should file your claim with the insurance company which covers the car in which you were an occupant (either as passenger or driver) or, if you were a pedestrian, with the car that struck you. If you do not know the vehicle that struck you or if the vehicle was uninsured, you may file a claim with the insurer of a household family relative who had an auto policy at the time of the accident. If there was no auto policy in the household, you should file a claim with the Motor Vehicle Accident Indemnification Corporation (MVAIC). Additional information on MVAIC can be obtained on their web site www.mvaic.com or you can contact them by telephone at (646) 205-7800.
What do I do if my expenses exceed the $50,000 available under No-Fault?
Answer: When the basic No-Fault benefits are consumed, you may apply for Additional No-Fault (Additional PIP) benefits either from the vehicle you occupied or any auto policy of a related member of your household. Additional PIP is an optional coverage which is usually not expensive. If no Additional PIP benefits are available, you may make a claim to your standard health insurance to pay for your medical expenses. You may also be eligible for Federal Social Security Disability benefits. In addition to the above, you can also sue the party responsible for the accident, in order to recover the costs that you paid which exceed your policy limit.
What if the vehicle involved was a motorcycle?
Answer: If you are the operator or passenger of a motorcycle involved in an accident, you are excluded from No-Fault benefits (you may sue from first dollar loss). If you were a pedestrian struck by a motorcycle, you should file a claim with the insurer of the motorcycle. If it is not insured, then you may file the claim with the insurer of a household family relative who had an auto policy at the time of the accident. If there was no auto policy in the household, you should file a claim with the Motor Vehicle Accident Indemnification Corporation (MVAIC).
Can I sue for "serious injury" against another driver's liability coverage?
Answer: You may sue another driver if he or she caused the accident that injured you and you sustain a "serious injury". Section 5102(d) of the New York Insurance Law describes various conditions that meet the definition of "serious injury".
What are some of the more significant regulatory changes in automobile No-Fault insurance that have occurred as a result of the Departments promulgation of the revised Regulation 68 in September of 2001?
Answer: Insurance Regulation 68, as revised effective April 5, 2002, effected numerous changes to the processing of No-Fault claims. The revised Regulation modified the timeframes in which to submit written notice of claim from 90 to 30 days and to submit medical bills from 180 to 45 days, respectively, and mandated that lost wage claims must be submitted within 90 days. The new regulation also included provisions for the electronic data transmittal of claim information, and revised rules concerning the wording and acceptance of No-Fault assignments. In addition, the revised regulation modified many of the administrative procedures in connection with No-Fault arbitration and conciliation.
When do the new provisions establishing time frames of 30 days for written Notice of Claim, 45 days for submission of health care bills and 90 days for submission of loss of earnings claims take effect?
Answer: Insurers are required after April 5, 2002, to issue new prescribed endorsements for all new and renewal policies which contain the new requirements. These requirements can be applied only to claims that arise under policies issued which include the new endorsement.
Can an insurer add the new No-Fault endorsement to existing policies before the expiration of the policy?
Answer: No, the new endorsement can only be issued with new policies or at the annual renewal of an existing policy issued after April 5, 2002.
Do the new time period requirements run from the date that notice or submission of claims are made to the insurer or from the date that notice or submission of claims are received by the insurer?
Answer: The new time requirements apply as of the date that notice or submission of claims are made to the insurer. For example, if the accident occurs on January 1, notice of the claim must be mailed or submitted to the insurer no later than January 31 to comply with the notice requirement, which begins the day after the date of the accident.
Is there a prescribed form which must be used by a No-Fault insurer or self-insurer in order to request additional verification of claim?
Answer: No such requirement exists within Regulation 68.
Where may I obtain a copy of AAA Form AR1, the New York Motor Vehicle No-Fault Insurance Law Arbitration Request Form?
The revised Regulation 68 specifically provides the arbitrator with the discretion to resolve disputes involving amounts of less than $2,000 by written submissions only. When does this rule take effect?
Answer: This rule takes effect for all arbitration requests filed on or after April 5, 2002.
The First Amendment to Regulation 68-D gives the arbitrator the authority to assess costs against the applicant under certain circumstances. When does this rule take effect?
Answer: This rule takes effect for all arbitration requests filed on or after April 5, 2002.
I have received a No-Fault Arbitration award over a month ago but I have not received payment from the insurer. What should I do?
Answer: If a conciliation agreement or settlement letter issued by the American Arbitration Association (AAA) or arbitration award is not paid within 30 days of the date the agreement was mailed to the parties, an applicant or applicant's attorney may submit a written enforcement request to the Department's Property Bureau. With every request for enforcement, the Department requires insurers and self-insurers to either provide proof to the Department that full payment was made or an explanation why payment was not made.
If payment is not made by the insurer in accordance with the terms specified in the conciliation letter or arbitration award within 45 days following such resolution, an additional attorneys fee shall be paid by the insurer when the attorney writes to the insurer in order to receive such overdue payment. The additional attorney's fee shall be $60 and shall become payable only after written request from the attorney to the insurer, received by the insurer more than 45 days after mailing of the conciliation letter or arbitration award. Such fee shall not be payable if payment was made by the insurer prior to the attorney's request for such payment or if an arbitration award is appealed.
When insurers do not make timely payments, you are encouraged to request enforcement of such dispute resolutions with the Department. The enforcement request should include (1) a full and complete copy of the conciliation agreement, settlement letter or arbitration award and (2) a copy of your follow-up correspondence addressed to the insurer requesting that they issue payment for the unpaid conciliation agreement or arbitration award. Your enforcement request should be directed to:
Hyman Silberstein, Senior Insurance Examiner
New York State Department of Financial Services
One State Street
New York, NY 10004
There are new procedures for the enforcement of unpaid arbitration awards and the payment of an attorney's fee for obtaining payment of such unpaid awards. When do these new procedures take effect?
Answer: The new procedures for obtaining payment of an unpaid award and for the payment of an attorney's fee for enforcement of awards apply to requests for enforcement of awards that result from arbitration requests filed with the American Arbitration Association on or after April 5, 2002.
No-Fault provides coverage for my lost wages subject to a 20% statutory offset. My lost wage payment is subject to additional statutory offsets for amounts recovered or recoverable on account of personal injury to an eligible injured person under State or Federal laws providing disability benefits. Are these other statutory offsets deducted from my gross wages before application of the 20% offset, or are they deducted after application of the 20% offset?
The determination of whether the offsets for New York State Disability benefits are deducted before or after the 20% offset is dependent upon the taxability of the disability benefit. If the benefit is taxable, it is deducted prior to application of the 20% offset. If the benefit is not taxable, it is deducted after application of the 20% offset factor. In order to expedite the processing of your wage claim, you should provide evidence of taxability of your New York State Disability benefit to your No-Fault insurer at the time you make a No-Fault lost wage claim.